Reconstructive urology is a surgical subspecialty within urology that focuses on the restoration, reconstruction, and repair of the urinary tract and external genitalia. It manages with congenital and acquired conditions,it affect the structure and function of these organs. The field of reconstructive urology involves the use of various surgical techniques to correct urinary tract abnormalities, repair injuries, and improve quality of life for patients with urological conditions.
Urethral strictures: Narrowing or blockage of the urethra, which can lead to difficulty in passing urine. Reconstructive surgery may involve removing or bypassing the strictured segment or using tissue grafts to widen the urethra.
Hypospadias: A congenital defect in which the urethra's entrance is not situated near the penis's tip. The urethral aperture can be moved, and any accompanying penile curvature can be fixed, with reconstructive surgery.
Ureteral strictures: Narrowing of the ureter, which may prevent urine from reaching the bladder from the kidney. To get back to normal urine flow, reconstructive procedures like ureteroplasty or ureteral reimplantation may be used.
A rare congenital condition known as bladder exstrophy causes the bladder to protrude from the body. The bladder is closed during reconstructive surgery, and the pelvic floor is rebuilt.
Urine runs backward from the bladder into the kidneys, a condition known as vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). This problem can be improved with reconstructive techniques such ureteral reimplantation or injection of bulking agents.
Genital reconstruction: Reconstructive urology also includes treatments like phalloplasty and vaginoplasty for gender affirmation or the correction of genital deformities.
Complex surgeries and the utilisation of cutting-edge methods including tissue engineering, tissue grafting, and minimally invasive techniques are frequent components of reconstructive urological procedures. Reconstructive urologists work to improve patients' appearances, quality of life overall, and ability to perform normal sexual and urological functions.
Some common conditions that reconstructive urologists address include:
Reconstructive urology procedures often involve complex surgeries, and the use of advanced techniques like tissue grafting, tissue engineering, and minimally invasive approaches. The goal of reconstructive urologists is to restore normal urinary and sexual function, improve aesthetics, and enhance the overall quality of life for patients with urological conditions.