Female urology, also known as urogynecology or female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery, is a specialized field within urology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of urinary and pelvic disorders in women. It addresses a wide range of conditions related to the urinary tract and pelvic floor, which includes the bladder, urethra, vagina, and surrounding muscles and connective tissues.
Female urology is a relatively new and evolving subspecialty that recognizes the unique anatomical and physiological differences in the female urinary and reproductive systems. It aims to provide comprehensive care for women dealing with various urological issues, with a particular emphasis on pelvic floor dysfunction.
Urinary incontinence: This refers to the involuntary leakage of urine, which can occur during activities such as coughing, sneezing, or exercising. Female urologists offer a range of treatment options, including behavioral therapies, pelvic floor exercises, medications, and surgical interventions.
This occurs when the pelvic organs, such as the bladder, uterus, or rectum, descend or protrude into the vaginal canal due to weakened pelvic floor muscles. Female urologists can evaluate the severity of the prolapse and provide appropriate treatment, which may include lifestyle changes, pelvic floor exercises, pessaries, or surgical repair.
Characterized by a sudden and frequent urge to urinate, overactive bladder can significantly impact a woman's quality of life. Female urologists can help manage this condition through lifestyle modifications, medications, bladder training, and other interventions.
UTIs are more prevalent in women, and recurrent infections can be particularly bothersome. Female urologists can identify the underlying causes of recurrent UTIs and develop preventive strategies to minimize their occurrence.